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Teaching Kids About Honesty

By | Learning & Development

Every parent wants to raise kids who tell the truth. However, as your child grows in independence and develops a mind of their own, you may notice that they start telling little white lies or even big whoppers. Beginning at the age of two, your child develops the cognitive ability to weave stories that fit what they want or need.

Some kids lie to avoid getting in trouble. Others fabricate lies to get something they want. You may be troubled by this dishonesty, but it’s important to know that lying is normal for young children. In fact, all kids lie. That doesn’t mean, however, that you should let it slide. Honesty is a core value that you can instill into your child at a very young age.

No matter how little you’re child may be, here are seven ways to begin teaching your children to be honest.

1. Make Honesty a Positive Focus in Your Family

While they’re still young, you can begin to tell and show your children that honesty is an important value to your family. By using age-appropriate language, let them know explicitly that lying breaks trust and that families need to be able to believe what they tell each other is true.

2. Set an Example of Honesty

To teach honesty, you must set an example of honesty. While it can be difficult, especially with sensitive topics, avoid lying to your child. It’s better to let them know that some things are hard to talk about — such as death, illness or divorce — than to try to cover these topics up. You are your child’s primary role model, so you can’t expect them to tell the truth if you’re not honest with them. That said, you need to keep your answer child-appropriate, and it’s okay to create appropriate boundaries around private matters.

3. Don’t Ask Questions When You Know the Answer

One way to deter lying is not setting your child up to lie. If you know they haven’t picked up their toys in their room, there’s no need to ask if they’ve cleaned up. Preschool-aged kids especially often lie out of a desire to avoid getting in trouble. Instead, let them know that you already know the truth — they haven’t picked up. This step avoids putting them in a position in which they feel the need to lie.

4. Avoid Labeling

It’s never a good idea to call your child a liar. In the short term, it puts them on the defensive. Over time, they may start to believe that they’re a liar and continue acting on that misinformation.

Instead, help your child understand that you don’t like their lies, but you love them. If something sounds untrue, let them know that you feel they may be speaking dishonestly, and give them the opportunity to explain why they lied.

5. Tell Them How Happy Honesty Makes You

Most little children are extremely motivated to please their parents and other authority figures. When you let them know that telling the truth makes you happy, your child may be more likely to practice honesty. It will also help them feel good about being trustworthy.

6. Practice Calm Discipline

While it may be difficult to keep your cool if you catch your child in a lie, some children are dishonest because they’re afraid their parents will have a big emotional reaction. If you tend to be harsh and punitive, they may learn to avoid telling you the truth.

Instead, approach the situation calmly when your child lies, even if that means taking a few moments to cool off. They need to know that it’s okay for them to come forward with the truth. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t discipline your kids — just make sure it’s done in a calm and loving manner.

7. Praise Honesty

Telling the truth takes a lot of courage, especially when a child is afraid of punishment. When your little one comes to you with the truth, reward them with praise. This reaction will help you child feel great about their honestly, particularly in situations where a lie would have been easier.

Find Childcare That Supports Your Home Values

Haymarket Children’s Academy is proud to bring an unparalleled early education experience to children in the Gainesville, Virginia area. Our caregivers have years of experience working with young children and are on hand to teach our organization’s intrinsic values, including honesty and integrity. Through love, patience and kindness, we help children explore their world and learn how to interact with others in it.

If you want to learn more, we invite you to contact us to speak with a friendly member of our team or schedule a tour at our state-of-the-art facility.

16 Tips to Help Kids Adjust to a New School

By | Uncategorized

Ahhh summertime. Pools are open, children are home, and fall seems so far away. But for many families, summer is a time to transition between school environments. Some families move to a new location, while others simply transfer to a new school environment because they move up in grade level or have the chance to attend a different school in their area.

In either case, it’s important to understand that changing your child’s school environment will impact them. When a child changes schools, even if they’re young, they are leaving a familiar, usually comfortable environment full of familiar faces and exchanging that for an unfamiliar, unknown school full of strangers.

So how can you help your kid adjust to their new school?

Understand the Challenges That Come With a Move

The first thing to remember when you’re preparing your child for a move is that they will feel a certain level of apprehension over their impending transition. Even a child who is an extrovert and makes friends wherever they go may feel a certain level of stress and fear at the thought of entering a new school for the first time.

The best way to understand how your child is feeling is simply to spend a few minutes putting yourself in their shoes. Ask yourself:

  • What did my child love about their old school?
  • Who or what will my child miss the most about their old school?
  • What are some specific fears my child may be dealing with at this time?

If your child is old enough to be in school, then they’re old enough to have beloved friends and teachers in the place they left behind. Even young children who haven’t experienced anything beyond the preschool environment can still feel a certain amount of sadness at leaving their beloved teacher and classmates behind.

As a parent, your job is not to convince your child that they shouldn’t feel those strong feelings. Your job is to help them process their emotions and find positive ways to overcome their feelings of sadness and stress.

Preparing Your Child for a Move

You won’t be able to prevent your child’s sadness, nor should you try. However, there are ways you can soothe their sadness and help ease their transition into a new school environment. Many parents believe that this process can’t happen until school begins, but you can do many things to prepare for changing your child’s school long before their first day. Here are some tips for how to prepare kids to change schools.

1. Communicate With Your Child

The worst thing you can do is hide the fact that you’re moving or wait until the last minute to tell your child what’s happening. Once you’ve decided to move or change schools, let your child know. This gives them time to begin accepting the move and also the chance to start looking for closure with their friends and their current school.

2. Involve Your Child in the Process

If you are enrolling your child into a private school, let them help you as you look for the right school. Ask them to give you some suggestions for things that are important to them, such as a school with an orchestra or an intramural soccer team that meets after school. Even younger children can express their opinions about things that matter, especially things they loved about their old school and would like to see in their new school environment.

3. Collect the Necessary Paperwork

Before your child leaves their old school, make sure you have copies of their official record, as well as a sampling of their academic work. Call ahead to your child’s new school if you aren’t sure what paperwork you’ll need. Gathering all of this before your child starts at their new school will help to make registration a smooth process. It can also help their new school enroll them in classes that meet their needs and their academic abilities.

4. Ask for Contact Info From Friends and Teachers

In this day and age, it’s easy to stay connected, even when you’ve moved to a new place. Help your child collect email addresses and phone numbers of their closest friends so they can keep in touch after the move. You’ll also want to have contact information for your child’s old school so that you can contact them if your child’s new school has questions about their records.

5. Time Your Transition

If possible, try to time your move with the start of a new school year. When everyone is starting at the same time, your child is less likely to stick out as the “new kid” because everyone is starting with new teachers. It’s also more likely that there will be several new kids starting at that time as well.

8 Tips for Helping Your Child Adjust to a New School

If you’re moving during the summer, then you’ll likely have some time before your child starts at their new school. This downtime can actually be a valuable time to help your child prepare for adjusting to a new school environment. Wondering how to make changing schools easier? Here are our top tips for helping children change schools.

1. Visit the School Ahead of Time

Don’t wait for Back-to-School night or the first day of classes. Arrange for your child to tour their new school as soon as possible. While most teachers and students won’t be in the building over the summer, guidance counselors and the administration work year-round and are available to give tours. Spending a half hour or so walking around your child’s new school can go a long way to put their mind at ease about what they’ll be facing on the first day.

2. Get Involved in the Community

Find ways for your child to meet other children who will attend their new school in the fall. You can go about this several ways, but some of the most common ways to socialize in the summertime include spending time at a community pool, attending services and activities at a local house of worship or enrolling in a local day camp. There’s also a lot to be said for spending time at your neighborhood park — there’s no better place to meet people in your school district than right there in your own neighborhood! Starting a new school is easier when your child knows there will be a few familiar faces in the hallway — and it gives them the chance to get the scoop on their new school from others like them.

3. Maintain a Positive Attitude

Your child will need your reassurances that everything will be okay. It’s a good idea to spend some time talking to your child about what they can expect at their new school, especially if there are some differences from their old one. While you won’t be able to erase all of their apprehension, you can help to manage their stress by emphasizing the exciting things about their new school. Not sure where to start? As you tour the new school, note the things your child loves, such as a vibrant art display, the soccer fields out back or the brand-new swingset right outside of their classroom. Bring these positive things up often to feed your child’s excitement.

4. Give Your Child Space to Express Their Feelings

If you’ve recently moved to a new area, it can feel like there are thousands of little details demanding your attention. While it’s tempting to focus on unpacking boxes or acclimating to a new job, don’t lose sight of your child’s feelings in all of this. Make time to talk with your child about the changes that are happening and their feelings about those changes. If your child isn’t much of a talker — or they’re too young to express their feelings fully — encourage them to draw or use their imagination to act out their feelings with their toys.

5. Don’t Give Them Too Much Downtime

The worst thing you can do for a child in transition is to give them a lot of time to sit around and think. During your summer, make a point to participate in fun activities. Go swimming at the local rec center, attend a storytime at the local library, or engage with a local parent group that organizes regular outings. Besides helping your child meet other children their own age, keeping them busy prevents them from dwelling on the fear of the unknown and their new school.

6. Don’t Overdo It

While engaging in a few activities is a great way to stay busy and meet new people, parents tend to go overboard and engage their kids in everything. If you’ve moved to a new area, resist the urge to sign your child up for several new activities and every sports team you can find. Forcing them to interact with other children or engaging them 24/7 will only make them tired and irritable. There’s nothing wrong with activity, but make sure you leave time for your child to relax and avoid unnecessary fatigue or stress in the days leading up to their first day of school.

7. Connect With Other Parents

One way to help your child transition in their new school is for you to become connected and engaged with other parents. Joining the PTA or finding opportunities to volunteer at your child’s school can be a great way to learn about the school and get to know the teachers and staff who will be helping your child. Young children especially may find it comforting to know they’ll see their parent in the hallways periodically.

If you don’t have time to get involved at the school regularly, make a point to start connecting with other parents at school events or after-school pickup. When you feel more connected, you can help your child find ways to become more connected too. It’s also helpful to model social interaction for your child. When they see their parent introducing themselves and making conversation with new people, children can be encouraged to do the same.

8. Stay Connected

Find out how your child’s school communicates information — email, text, phone, web — and make sure they’ve got your contact info. Staying on top of the school schedule, as well as special events and activities, is a great way to help your child feel involved. It’s also important to connect with your child’s teacher if you didn’t do so before school started. Teachers and guidance counselors can pay additional attention to the “new kid” to make sure they’re assimilating well into their new environment and alert you of potential problems before they spiral out of control.

Signs to Look for Before and After the Move

Children are versatile. Most children will transition well into their new school environment after just a few weeks. But, sometimes children struggle to adapt, or they encounter an environment that’s different than what they’d expected. You don’t have to look far to find that the effects of changing schools on children can be vast. As a parent, be sure to keep an eye out for signs that your child may be having trouble adjusting to a new school environment, including:

1. Changes in Behavior

Each child is different, which means the warning signs will vary. It’s your job as the parent to pick up on the clues that your child may be struggling in their new school. Is your normally talkative child spending more time alone in their room? Is your energetic child suddenly sleeping all the time? Other clues that a problem may be brewing include a change in appetite, constantly asking to stay home from school and, especially in younger children, an increase in the need for parental affection, such as asking to be picked up or held.

2. Acting Out

This takes different forms at different ages. For younger children, you might notice an increase in temper tantrums. Older children may be more likely to argue, refuse to follow directions or antagonize their siblings more than usual.

3. Slipping Grades

When children transition to a new school, they may also be transitioning to new teaching styles and a new system of grading. If you’ve moved to a different state, the material may be more advanced than what they covered in their old school, or it may be a review for your child, leaving them bored during the school day. If your child starts bringing home grades that are consistently below the quality of work they were doing at their previous school, don’t hesitate to talk with their teacher and figure out the source of the problem.

Make Changing Schools Easier

Whether your child is 5 or 15, changing schools is never easy. To a child, a change in schools means leaving behind familiar friends, teachers and setting all for something completely unknown. This can be stressful for children, but when you are prepared for this transition, you can handle it smoothly and with relatively few bumps along the way.

Whether your child is entering school for the first time or they’ve transferred from another institution, we recognize the challenges your family will face when your child begins school with us. At Haymarket Children’s Academy, we’re committed to helping new students transition to our school as quickly as possible. We love having new students join our tight-knit community, and we’re always ready to welcome new faces!

Offering a wide range of programs from infant care to kindergarten, Haymarket Children’s Academy is the premier provider of early childhood learning and care in Gainesville, VA. For more information about our programs, contact us today!

How to Help Your Kids With Separation Anxiety at School or Daycare

By | Learning & Development

The prospect of starting school or daycare can be daunting for parents and children alike. It’s natural for a child to feel nervous and a bit worried when it’s time to say goodbye, and no parent wants to leave their child in tears or otherwise upset. Anxiety at the idea of separation is a healthy reaction and a recognized stage of development in children, so it’s reasonable to expect some crying or clinginess in early childhood. However, if the nerves don’t get better or start to worsen, you may be dealing with a more serious issue: separation anxiety.

What Is Separation Anxiety?

As babies grow and develop into toddlers, everything in the world is so new to them that they aren’t able to predict what is normal and safe as opposed to what might be dangerous. Babies younger than 8 months old are usually comfortable with new people, places and things.

From 8 to 14 months, children are developing a sense of the familiar. They recognize their parents and home as a comfortable, safe setting, and anything new is also threatening. Within this age range, it’s perfectly normal for a child to feel anxious when they enter a new place with new people — especially when their parents are not around.

Separation anxiety as a development stage usually ends around 2 years old, as children start to realize their parents will come back later, even if they are currently out of sight. The anxiety can return temporarily at later ages, especially when a child is stressed. Persistent anxiety may indicate separation anxiety disorder, which studies suggest affects about 4 to 5% of children and adolescents.

Recognizing the Signs of Separation Anxiety

It often seems like kids are bursting at the seams with emotions, so it’s sometimes difficult to tell what’s a result of their developing emotional intelligence and what’s due to separation anxiety. Symptoms of separation anxiety in toddlers include:

  • Excessive clinginess
  • Crying when you leave the room, even if it’s just a bathroom break
  • Resisting bedtime
  • Waking up and crying throughout the night
  • Fear of strangers and even other caregivers

Separation anxiety and daycare go hand in hand, since toddlers are at the tail end of this critical developmental stage. Every child is different when it comes to growing out of daycare separation anxiety, and it’s common for them to act perfectly fine one day and have preschool drop-off separation anxiety the next. They may demonstrate their anxiety by grabbing onto your leg and refusing to let go, or they might feel the need to scream their head off to let you know about their worry.

Separation anxiety among toddlers in daycare or preschool may cause children to act uncharacteristically reserved and avoid interactions with peers and teachers. Alternatively, they might decide lashing out is the best way to show their distress, and end up causing conflicts with other children or antagonizing the teacher.

When kids get older and start attending kindergarten or grade school, things look a little different. These are some of the signs an older child is experiencing separation anxiety starting school or going back to school:

  • Recurring distress when having to go to school
  • Constant worry that something will happen to a parent or other loved one
  • Refusal to leave the house for fear of separation
  • Fear of being alone
  • Nightmares about being separated from parents
  • Complaints of physical ailments when away from home

It’s much easier to identify separation anxiety in school-aged children because they’re more capable of telling you what’s wrong and how they feel. They may not come right out and state they are anxious about being apart from you, but their behavior says it all. Their fear of separation often manifests in defiance, especially in the mornings before school or at your drop-off location.

Separation anxiety and school refusal are closely linked. About 2 to 5% of all school-aged kids display school refusal, and it looks different depending on the child. Some will outright put their foot down and say they refuse to go to school. Others might beat around the bush and fake being sick or insist they have a headache as a means of getting out of classes and staying close to you throughout the day. However they show it, school refusal is a huge red flag for separation anxiety.

Causes and Triggers of Separation Anxiety

A lot of parents can feel lost wondering what causes separation anxiety in kids, especially when their child has grown out of it for the most part. Causes of separation anxiety in preschoolers are pretty much the same as those in older children, and there are three significant catalysts parents should understand.

1. Starting a New Daycare or School

Entering daycare or starting school for the first time is a stressful endeavor for a little one. They’re suddenly in a completely new environment where adults expect them to play nice with others and follow a bevy of new rules, all without you there to provide comfort and guidance. It’s a lot for small minds to handle, and it’s natural for them to have a little trouble doing so. Preschool-age separation anxiety is often at its worst when toddlers are entering daycare for the first time.

For older kids, starting at a new school carries a lot of social expectations many children aren’t equipped to handle. While they’re learning the ropes at their new school, they might experience seemingly random episodes of anxiety or feel anxious throughout whole days. School separation anxiety in kindergarten is widespread, and shifting your child to a new school may emphasize that anxiety.

2. Going Back to School

Back-to-school separation anxiety is something we can all relate to. After a couple of months of hanging around the house and doing fun activities with you, your child probably isn’t too jazzed about the idea of going back to the structured setting of school. Kids who struggle with first-day-of-school separation anxiety may be reluctant to talk about the upcoming academic year, and might avoid the subject at all costs. If your child goes silent at the thought of the new school year or starts fidgeting with apparent nervousness, there may be separation anxiety at work.

3. Moving up in School

Graduating from one level of school to another comes with a whole host of new feelings, some of which may give rise to separation anxiety. A child moving from daycare to preschool, or preschool to kindergarten, will often be excited that they’re getting to do “big-kid stuff,” but that doesn’t preclude them from experiencing separation anxiety when it’s drop-off time.

Transitions of this kind come with so many new things that a child may feel overwhelmed and want to cling to you for safety and reassurance. They’ll be dealing with new teachers, subjects, kids and responsibilities, and it can all feel like too much in some moments. Transitioning from grade school to middle school is a significant source of separation anxiety in elementary school.

How to Help a Child With Separation Anxiety at School or Daycare

It’s not always intuitive to figure out how to deal with toddler separation anxiety at daycare or separation anxiety in kindergarteners. Dealing with an anxious child can make you feel like you’re doing something wrong, but it’s rarely a personal failing. Here are a few preschool separation anxiety tips for parents, which can help with easing separation anxiety in preschoolers and beyond.

1. Avoid Cold Opens

Fear of the unknown is the heart of separation anxiety. To your child, it feels like anything can happen to them in this scary new place, and it can be pretty frightening. To eliminate some of the perceived threat, it helps to do a dry run before the first day of school or daycare. Set up a time to tour the school or facility with your child, and point out the places they’ll be spending time.

Try and frame the new setting with a positive spin. If you walk by the cafeteria, ask something like, “I wonder what your favorite lunch will be?” If you swing by the playground, ask them what kind of games they think they’ll play there. Getting your child to engage with their new surroundings is a solid step in removing the scariness of the unknown.

2. Make Goodbyes a Ritual

Drop-offs are a frequent source of separation anxiety. Even kids who are old enough to cognitively understand there’s nothing to worry about and that you’ll be back at the end of the day may drag their feet when it’s time to get out of the car. Developing a ritual for saying goodbye can help soothe kids when it’s time to go to school or daycare.

Your ritual doesn’t need to be complicated, just consistent. Something like a secret handshake or giving a hug and high five before saying goodbye can be enough to put your child more at ease, and is one of the simpler strategies for managing separation anxiety at school.

3. Adjust Your Body Language

When you drop off your child and you know they have separation anxiety, it can be almost as hard for you as it is for them. However, it’s important to remember kids are often highly perceptive at picking up body language, even if they don’t do it on purpose. If you’re gripping the steering wheel, staring straight ahead and stiff when you hug them goodbye, your child may be able to sense something’s wrong.

To the best of your ability, try and relax when it’s time to take your child to school or leave them at daycare. It’s certainly easier to talk about it than it is to do it, but keeping your body language in mind can help you avoid the physical cues that might make an episode of separation anxiety even worse.

4. Develop and Follow a Routine

Life with kids is hectic at the best of times, but if it gets too out of hand, the instability can contribute to separation anxiety. If a child doesn’t know when they’re going to wake up or what they’re supposed to do before school or daycare, they have more time to get wound up before you even get out the door. Whenever possible, stick to a predetermined schedule.

It helps if you can squeeze in time to do things like packing lunches and setting out backpacks the night before. This kind of structure reduces chaos and helps kids get used to the routine of school or daycare more quickly.

5. Allow Some Agency

Here’s a crucial tip on how to help a school-aged child with separation anxiety: Give them some power over the situation. It can be something small like choosing their outfit or picking a special snack for the day, but letting your child have some influence over the situation can reduce the anxiety of going to a place where they have to follow rules and schedules all day.

It can also help to give your child a role in prepping for the day. For example, older kids can take some responsibility by completing a backpack checklist to make sure they have all the materials they need. Even toddlers can participate in preparing by doing things like putting their shoes and backpack by the door before bedtime. Allowing your child to take a role in getting ready to go can increase their sense of self-sufficiency and reduce the severity of their separation anxiety.

Don’t Forget About Yourself

There are a ton of strategies for separation anxiety at school, but one of the most important is to take care of yourself. School and daycare separation anxiety in kids is no walk in the park for any parent, but if you’re dealing with it frequently, you may be tempted to blame yourself or go all-out trying to fix your child’s anxiety. It’s critical for every parent to remember learning how to handle separation anxiety in preschoolers and older kids is a process that takes time.

It can help to reach out to other parents who have dealt with the same issue to see how they handled it and what their results were. Every child will respond differently to various strategies, but it doesn’t hurt to exchange ideas and expand your pool of ideas.

Above all, cut yourself some slack. Separation anxiety isn’t a result of bad parenting. It’s just something some kids are more prone to than others. As long as you continue to try to understand your child’s needs and take steps to make them more comfortable at school or daycare, it’s likely their anxiety will get better with time.

Consider a Different Environment

Some kids don’t feel comfortable in the average school or daycare setting. If you think your child could benefit from a more home-like atmosphere, consider Haymarket Children’s Academy. Our expert, personalized care is evident in our nursery program for infants to toddlers, our preschool and our private kindergarten with small class sizes.

Every child gets the personalized attention they need to develop a love of learning in a safe and welcoming environment. If you’d like to learn more about Haymarket Children’s Academy, our outstanding curriculum or how our setting can help with your child’s separation anxiety, contact us today.

Benefits of having kids read

Benefits of Reading & Why Your Kids Need to Go to the Library

By | Learning & Development

Few factors can influence your child’s life like a solid foundation of literacy skills. Reading to children and encouraging them to develop their literacy habits is one of the most important commitments a parent or a teacher can make because of the profound impact it can have on a kid’s mental health, academic abilities and thinking processes. In fact, with so many distractions and other forms of entertainment vying for people’s attention, the importance of reading with children has never been more evident.

Benefits of Reading for Young Kids

Although we often hear that reading is essential, many people don’t know specific reasons that kids need to read. Developing strong literacy skills helps prepare children not only for success in reading and writing but also in other academic fields. It also helps them become more able to interpret the world around them.

In an increasingly digital world, it’s crucial for us to keep our kids reading books for many reasons, including the following.

1. Increasing Empathy in Readers

Reading can increase a person’s empathy, helping them imagine others’ emotions and circumstances. Learning about different viewpoints or beliefs builds an understanding of culture and values outside of the reader’s experience. These experiences are integral in allowing children to imagine the lives and experiences of people from different places and time periods, enabling them to consider multiple perspectives or understand the greater impact of their actions.

2. Improving Literacy Skills and Performance in Various Subjects

It may seem evident that strong reading habits will help develop children’s language abilities. For instance, reading to kids at a young age makes them much more likely to recognize letters or write their name. These experiences can create a cycle of success in which students can build on these skills and continue moving forward as other children are just beginning to recognize their letters.

This process is one of the clearest indicators of reading being essential for young kids, giving earlier access to information and learning opportunities. What may be a less obvious advantage of reading for kids, however, is the effect positive reading experiences can have in other subjects.

To begin with, developing healthy reading habits opens avenues for learning about a variety of topics, such as science, history, social studies, and more. In much the same way early access to letter sounds and writing may provide a benefit in language, students with more background knowledge in these content areas will be able to make more connections and gain greater insight when they learn about new topics. They’ll also be capable of engaging in their learning paths, choosing to further their understanding of a topic beyond what other children around them do.

Reading opens children’s brains to different ways of processing information. In fact, research indicates that reading enhances students’ ability to perform in multiple subjects, even when the reading isn’t specifically tied to that subject, such as mathematics. This effect is likely because reading helps children learn to take in, interpret, comprehend, and store information, improving their ability to handle new concepts and situations as they arise. These comprehension abilities mold children into learners who are capable of considering complex situations and holding multiple pieces of information in their head simultaneously.

3. Enhancing Communication Skills

One of the common reasons parents and teachers promote developing reading habits is because it can help develop better communication skills in young language learners. As children read, they can expand their vocabulary through interacting with challenging words, and if they’ve selected the book themselves, they’re likely to try to understand the new words through context clues and phonics skills. This process helps children develop a wide vocabulary that they can use to more precisely articulate a thought or describe a situation. It also sharpens their vocabulary skills for the next challenging words they come across.

Reading can also help students develop better speaking or reading habits because they’re taking in well-formed sentences. As students interact with language and see a variety of sentence structures, they gain a better grasp of how words can be used more fluidly or in various arrangements, increasing their linguistic abilities.

4. Exercising and Expanding the Brain

Reading can expand a child’s brain ability in multiple ways. For example, exercising the brain through reading can help readers interact with various parts of their mind. While reading is widely known as a left-brain activity — processing language and organization — metaphors and non-linguistic representations occur in the right brain. Because of this multi-dimensional crossover, exercising the brain is very important to develop connections between various regions.

Another way reading can help exercise the brain is to present fictional scenarios that force the reader to question particular ideals. Readers can encounter fictional “what ifs,” which force them to prioritize values or concepts. Often, readers can be expected to make decisions between head and heart, love and money, or other internal conflicts. Such situations ask them to consider what’s important to them before they encounter the same questions in real conversations. That way, they’re more prepared to handle prioritizing these concepts when it’s essential in their lives.

5. Creating an Intrinsic Thirst for Knowledge

Reading is also crucial because it opens so many doors for new exploration. With nonfiction books, there’s a clear pathway for readers to not only learn about interesting topics but also ask questions that require further reading or study. This process creates a natural cycle of reading for children who have specific interests — such as a particular time period, favorite animal or sport — as they continually seek to find the answers to questions prompted through their reading.

Nonfiction books, however, are not the only way of reading stokes children’s desire to learn. Aside from the benefits of considering open-ended questions, fiction can also fuel a child’s ambition to learn by introducing new topics in the fictional world. When reading a historical fiction novel set in a particular time period, readers can come across intricacies that they never expected about that time and see how it affected the everyday lives of the people involved.

Similarly, though science fiction often creates futuristic versions of our current world, it can often play on current scientific trends based on current technology, meaning readers can question the application of the materials they see around them. Dystopian fiction often focuses on a policy or tendency in society and then extrapolates it out to its furthest reaches, asking readers to reconsider the world around them in new, interesting ways.

6. Providing Entertainment Value

With all the other benefits in play, it can be easy to forget that reading also provides a sense of entertainment for children. Developing an interest in reading at an early age can show children that reading is a valuable and endless source of entertainment. Getting kids hooked on reading at a young age is integral because they’ll become intrinsically motivated to continue their reading habits, which will naturally develop the other positive results that come with reading.

7. Reducing Stress

One of the most important and valuable aspects of reading is that it can help calm a reader who’s experiencing stress. In fact, reading can work better on these fronts than other typical stress relief methods — such as listening to music or drinking tea — that have also been shown to provide stress-relieving qualities. Helping students connect reading to a low-anxiety activity early in life can offer a powerful coping mechanism for dealing with stress later in life.

Why Kids Should Go to the Library

Reading itself is essential to a child’s success, but the role of libraries in child development should not be overlooked. With the technology and resources available in the world, some people question how libraries impact children today. These centers provide free resources, access to professionals, and a variety of other services that benefit children. Forming a close relationship with the local library at a young age teaches a student that these resources are available to them.

Here are several other important points to consider on why libraries are beneficial for children.

1. An Example Set by You

One of the key benefits of taking a child to the library is that you, as the parent, are establishing an example as a reader. By going to the library with your children when they’re young, you can make sure they develop a sense that reading is a natural thing for people to do. When children learn from an early age that reading is an essential part of life, they develop habits that make the decision to continue reading that much easier. Forming these habits early can be one of the most important factors in gaining early access to literacy skills.

2. Free Entertainment

One of the most overlooked values of the library is that it provides resources for free. This quality can be especially important during the summer months when keeping kids entertained with summer camps, family vacations, and other opportunities quickly eat into a family budget.

Libraries often offer events or get-togethers that offer educational value and cost no money. These free resources can even help save money on other types of entertainment. Taking a car full of kids to see a summer movie can get extremely expensive. Fortunately, many libraries offer films or other media for free or very little cost, providing a replacement activity at a fraction of the expense.

3. Freedom of Choice

Opening a child’s eyes to the innumerable reading options available can change the way they approach books. To begin with, it probably comes as little surprise that children are more likely to read when they’re able to select their own reading material. In addition, students often find similar books as they look for their preferred ones, meaning they’re exposed to more reading material than just the one book in front of them at that particular moment.

Educators have found significant improvements in motivation and student engagement when children are offered choice and can have some control in how they learn. In fact, researchers have found that student learning improves when options are provided, even if the options themselves have little relevancy in how a task is completed.

Providing students with options isn’t only about allowing them to choose a book on a topic they enjoy. It’s also teaching them that their voice and preferences matter and that they have many options in what they read and how they interact with the material. This developmental concept is a crucial one, teaching students that they play an integral role in forming their own education and seeking out materials or topics that interest them.

Choice provides students with a solid platform on which to establish their reading preferences and develop a sense of how they define themselves as learners and readers.

4. Librarians Who Help Them Find Books

One of the most classic reasons kids should go to the library is to receive help in finding materials. Though the freedom to choose their own books or other media is critical to developing consistent reading habits, having access to a knowledgeable professional who can help find materials on a variety of topics is key.

While particular websites can recommend books, the benefit of local libraries for kids is that interaction with a live person who can get to know the child better can often yield more positive results. A librarian can use personal preferences — specific likes and dislikes from a reader’s other selections — to make individualized recommendations. In some cases, librarians can even provide parents with resources on how to help kids read.

Librarians are terrific resources for children as they try to find more books about a particular topic. However, as the role of librarians continues to change, they act more as resource managers than book recommenders. Librarians can assist in using appropriate search tools or tracking down other research material. They often assist in using databases, magazines, newspapers, and other reading sources that might be of value for expanding knowledge on a topic.

A librarian will be on the lookout for materials for particular readers once they get to know these individuals, meaning reading material may be saved or recommended even without request, opening even more possibilities.

5. Development of a Relationship With the Library

Libraries are known for their collections of books, but contemporary libraries are much more than a warehouse for physical copies. Connecting children with the library early teaches them that they have access to valuable resources beyond traditional paper pages. Users depend on local libraries for a wide assortment of educational, entertainment, and communication needs. In addition to conventional books, most media centers allow users online access, providing critical job searching and connection abilities for many citizens.

Reading in Child Care

The importance of reading for kids has never been more apparent, and teaching kids to love reading is integral to any strong educational program. Reading early develops strong habits that will likely carry over to a lifetime of benefits.

Considering the benefits of libraries and how they can affect kids, access to these spaces should be a top priority when parents are selecting childcare options. Haymarket Children’s Academy recognizes the importance of libraries in early childhood education and the benefits of reading for kids, which is why we have a library on site. If you’re looking for childcare services in the Gainesville, Virginia area, contact Haymarket Children’s Academy to learn more about our belief in child literacy and development.

Two kids and their mom kayaking outside

Top Kids Activites in Gainesville, Virginia

By | Learning & Development, Summer

Northern Virginia is filled with fun and exciting summer activities for kids. With the nation’s capital in easy driving distance and historic battlefields surrounding the area, educational opportunities are always available. But learning isn’t the only activity Prince William County has to offer. The surrounding area is crammed with exhilarating ropes courses and trampoline parks, skating and hiking opportunities and a waterpark. The area also features a movie theater and a weekend BBQ with live music!

With so many things to do in and around Northern Virginia, Gainesville, VA, is an outstanding choice for a family summer vacation.

Educational Activities for Kids Around Gainesville

Virginia has no shortage of cultural experiences, especially educational activities, to do with kids. Between the historical sites, museums, and battlefields, visitors are always within driving distance of a fun and interactive learning opportunity. These kids activities in Virginia are not only educational, but they’re also exciting:

  • Smithsonian Museums: With Washington D.C. nearby, it should be no surprise to find the Smithsonian museums near the top the list of educational experiences. With free admission to most attractions and a range of subjects including art, culture, history, and aerospace, the Smithsonian museums are an easy pick for an enriching experience. To help visitors avoid crowds, the museum staff recommends coming during a weekday, which usually has fewer visitors.
  • Smithsonian National Zoo: While technically also a part of the Smithsonian Institute, the Smithsonian National Zoo in Washington D.C. gets a special mention as one of the top summer attractions for kids. Aside from the exotic animals and educational displays, the zoo offers a large selection of kid-friendly dining options that can also meet the needs of vegetarian, gluten-free, and dairy-free diets.
  • Mount Vernon: About 45 minutes east of Gainesville, Mount Vernon provides an entire day of interactive historical education. Home to the first president, his wife, and more than 20 family members, Mount Vernon has plenty of stories to learn and sites to see. Visitors can see the historically-restored buildings, Washington’s distillery and gristmill, the gardens and landscape as well as the inside of the Washington mansion. Visitors are also encouraged to see Washington’s family tomb, which he personally instructed to be built shortly before he died. Mount Vernon also has specially-selected activities that appeal to children, including live animal exhibits, story times, interactive crafts, and discovery time.
  • National Battlefield Park in Manassas, VA: The stage for two key battles in the Civil War, the Manassas Battlefield holds historical and educational significance. In 1861, the First Battle of Bull Run — the first field battle in the American Civil War — set an important precedent for what would become America’s bloodiest war. The Confederate army held off Union troops, and their victory made clear that this would not be a short or clean conflict, forcing the Union to reevaluate its plans and methods. Then, a little more than a year later, the Union attack again in the Second Battle of Bull Run, which resulted in another Confederate victory. This time, the South solidified an invaluable attack position from which they could invade the North and also deeply penetrated the morale of the Union Army. National Battlefield Park, a site open to the public for free, has many educational activities for kids. The park features guided walking tours as well as hiking loops to help visitors get a better sense of the historic land. The area also has several historic buildings, including the Brawner Farm Interpretive Center and the historic Stone House.
  • Cold War Museum: Though many of the area’s historical sites focus on preserving American Revolutionary and American Civil War-era artifacts, the Cold War Museum is less than 20 miles away in Warrenton, Virginia. The museum features articles from the end of World War II up through the collapse of the USSR in the early ’90s. Through the exhibits, visitors can expect to find artifacts, learn historical context, and view propaganda and art pieces that lend valuable insight to an escalating arms race and a series of wars around the globe.
  • Ben Lomond Historic Site: The Ben Lomond estate — a plantation built before the Civil War — provides an excellent chance to step back in time and see the effect the war had on the surrounding area. Visitors can see the farmhouse that Confederates initially converted into a hospital after their victory in the First Battle of Bull Run, then overtaken and vandalized by Union forces a year later. Visitors can see the farmhouse along with a restored version of the slave quarters, smokehouse and rose garden.

Indoor Activities for Kids in and Around Gainesville

Unfortunately, the weather doesn’t always cooperate. Luckily, there are plenty of fun indoor activities in the area. In addition to the previously-mentioned Smithsonian museums in Washington, D.C., it’s always easy to find things to do with kids in and around Gainesville, Virginia. Northern Virginia has an assortment of indoor activities for thrill seekers, as well as some more leisurely activities like movie theaters and libraries.

Even if the weather is nice, consider stopping in some of the best indoor attractions around Gainesville, including:

  • The Haymarket Gainesville Public Library: The Haymarket Gainesville Public Library is a beautiful and spacious branch of the Prince William Public Library System. Along with providing access to books, computers, and media, the complex hosts multiple groups such as toddler story time, craft sessions, and teen reading groups.
  • SkyZone Trampoline Park: For kids with lots of pent up energy on those rainy days, consider the local trampoline park. A quick 10-minute drive down the road, the Manassas SkyZone offers trampolines in addition to glow-time jumping, basketball hoops, foam pits, and dodgeball. Participants will be expected to sign a waiver, and then they can engage in any number of trampoline-related activities.
  • Summit Ropes Indoor Ropes Course: Another adventurous, indoor activity, the Summit Ropes indoor ropes course provides rock climbing walls, cargo nets, rope bridges, and an array of other challenges. Climbers wear a full-body harness that attaches to the belay system, ensuring visitor safety. Still, customers will be expected to sign a waiver before participating in the activities. The course is designed to accommodate all skill levels and experiences. One of the benefits of an enclosed, monitored climbing area is that staff is available to assist novice climbers. The challenges are also divided into a children’s area for kids ages 4 through 6 and an advanced course for ages 7 and up. Non-climbers can also enjoy a snack at the Summit Ropes coffee bar.
  • Regal Cinemas Movie Theatre: For a more relaxed activity, Regal Cinemas Virginia Gateway 14 and RPX Theater offers a premium movie experience. Viewers can expect comfortable seating and an impressive sound system, along with the usual movie concessions.
  • Skating and Laser Tag: For a multi-option approach, consider Skate N Fun Zone in Manassas, VA. Visitors can choose to skate in the full-sized rink, participating fun games and skating along to the music. Guests can also choose to play laser tag, placing them in a futuristic and interactive world where they must strategically outlast their opponents. Skate N Fun Zone also allows educational STEM field trips in which students participate in hands-on activities that reveal how science, technology, engineering, and math are relevant in every aspect of our lives before the teachers reinforce the lessons through a skating session. These interactive lessons help students build applicable knowledge that they can see affect the world around themKids ice skating
  • Ice Skating: Another skating opportunity, the Haymarket Ice Complex provides two possible skating surfaces depending on the need and availability. In addition to skating lessons and classes, parents can host a child’s birthday party at the rink. Public skating available on most days, but be sure to check their schedule for specific times.

Outdoor Activities for Kids Around Gainesville

With so many great indoor activities in the Gainesville, VA, area, it can be easy to forget that Northern Virginia has a vast selection of outdoor summer activities for preschoolers, children, teens, and adults. Hiking trails and water parks, not to mention live entertainment and smoked BBQ make it easy to get outside and do something fun with the family. Still, the mild weather and rolling hills make the Virginia area a perfect place for outdoor adventures.

Some of the best spring and summer outdoor features in the area include:

  • Conway Robinson Memorial State Park: State parks are always fun free summer activities for kids. Conway Robinson State Park serves as a nature reserve and environmental education center, making it a prime outdoor educational activity for kids. Hikers enjoy the four interconnected hiking and biking routes, which hold unique treasures for geocachers. Visitors can also use the covered picnic shelter to enjoy a shady lunch on a hot summer day. There is currently no camping available on the state park grounds.
  • SplashDown Water Park: One of the most popular summer activities for kids in Prince William County is a visit to SplashDown Water Park. Teens and fun-loving adults will enjoy the Pipeline Tower and Cannonball waterslides, and younger sliders also have their pick of smaller slides and activities. For a change of pace, visitors can soak in the sun lounging in the lazy river. The park also includes playgrounds, volleyball courts, and tennis courts, along with enough restaurants to fit any family’s needs.
  • Cox Farms: Visitors to Cox Farms can expect a different experience depending on the time of year. During the spring and summer, Cox Farms Corner Market sells seasonal produce and greenhouse plants. Kids love to play with the oversized checkers and visit the animals. Smoking Saturdays brings in live music and smoked BBQ to complement the other available concessions. In the colder months, the farm hosts an annual fall festival, the Haunted Field of Fear and a variety of Christmas activities, like Christmas tree shopping and visits from Santa Claus.

Visit Camp Blue Ridge in Gainesville

Kids camp blue ridge in Gainsville

With so many educational and enriching opportunities nearby, Gainesville, VA, makes an ideal location for summer camp. Haymarket Children’s Academy’s Camp Blue Ridge utilizes many of these kids activities in Northern Virginia. The all-inclusive, 10-week camp combines a unique blend of field trips, sports, crafts, and staff involvement to provide a one-of-a-kind experience.

Though there are plenty of activities over the summer, and it can be challenging to select the best option for your child, there are three key benefits to attending summer camp.

1. Experiential Learning

One of the reasons summer camp is such a valuable experience for kids is that they engage in experiential learning activities.

As campers tackle problems through crafts, gardening, science projects, and cooking, they don’t just learn the hands-on skills themselves. Experiential learning promotes essential soft skills such as communicative teamwork and reflective habits that encourage children to consider not only what they have done but the process they utilized. Moreover, they often undertake tasks that result in a tangible product, which is helpful not only for reflection and evaluation but developing a sense of pride in the accomplishment itself.

2. Physical Activity

Another reason summer camp is such an essential event for kids is that, on the whole, kids are not getting enough physical activity. Studies have shown that only 80 percent of 6-year-old children get the required hour of physical activity per day. Even more alarmingly, that number falls to just 20 percent by age 11, often showing little action during their downtime. This makes summer a critical time for children to get the exercise and physical activity their bodies need.

At HCA summer camp, children spend time at the playground, participate in archery, play in sports mini-camps, go on walking field trips, and stay physically engaged throughout the day. Because the physical activity is an integrated feature of the fun, getting active doesn’t feel like a chore that pulls them away from their screens, but an exciting opportunity to play with friends.

3. Child Autonomy

For some kids, summer camp is also a critical step in forming relationships away from parents. While it can be extremely difficult for both adults and kids, parents can make this an incredible independence-building activity. By showing enthusiasm about time at camp and having kids participate in selecting the events, adults can help kids learn that new adventures are fun and exciting, helping to develop a child’s autonomy.

Being so close to so many great attractions for kids makes Camp Blue Ridge’s Gainesville, VA, location a premier summer camp due to our ability to visit so many attractions. Our campers get a chance to visit Washington, D.C., and Splashdown Waterpark, as well as receive regular outdoor playtime and supportive encouragement for staff.

More than the location, though, children have the opportunity to engage with positive, encouraging staff who help with the process of building critical social skills and self-confidence.

Contact Us for More Information

Considering the fun things to do in and around Gainesville, Virginia, selecting Camp Blue Ridge serves as a way to provide your child with many of these opportunities in a supportive and professional educational setting, surrounded by excited peers and adults. Through the experiential learning environment, kids have the chance to challenge themselves and grow alongside friends through positive and reflective exercises.

If you have any questions about our summer camps or other services, be sure to contact us so we can discuss any specific thoughts you may have.

Camp Blue Ridge 2019

By | Summer

Are you looking for summer fun for your child? Camp Blue Ridge is Haymarket Children’s Academy’s summer camp for school-age kids. The best summer camp in Gainesville and Haymarket, VA, will get even better in 2019. We offer loads of choices and options for kids to pick their own summer activities that interest them. With a selection that includes making crafts, playing sports and engaging in creative STEAM activities, your child will never get bored.

New Summer Camp Activities This Year

In 2019, kids will go to age-appropriate summer water parks, giving them more variety that matches up to their skill levels. Our age groups include:

  • Youngers: Ages 5 and 6
  • Middles: Ages 7-10
  • Seniors: Ages 10-14

New Summer Fun at Camp Blue Ridge

Children can also pick between two different field trip options during select weeks of the year, which give them the freedom to discover the activities that interest them the most. Every week, we provide different destinations, in addition to weekly water park trips, satisfying your child’s desire for adventure and learning. We’re so lucky to live in an area where entertainment opportunities abound.

There are amusing activities in the Gainesville and Haymarket region as well as surrounding areas in Virginia and Washington, D.C. Just a few of the places we will travel this summer include:

  • trip to water parkPolice/fire station
  • Mini golf
  • Laser tag
  • Trampoline park
  • Air & Space Museum
  • Paint your own pottery
  • Lake Arrowhead Beach

Campers can enjoy free play in our awesome facility that has a full-size gym, multiple age-appropriate outdoor play areas, and centers for kids to explore their interests, in addition to going on the two field trips a week, plus the weekly water park visit.

For a full schedule of camp activities, check out our monthly calendars for JuneJuly and August!

June Calendar     July Calendar     August Calendar

New Choices at Camp Blue Ridge

Kids love receiving the freedom to decide which activities to participate in. Every Monday and Friday, they get a chance to plan their afternoon activities, each one led by a teacher. We offer eight activities each week, so your child can repeat something they liked on Monday or try something entirely new. We break the activities into different groups to ensure kids have a chance to exercise their bodies and their minds.

Just a few examples of the choices we may offer at Camp Blue Ridge include:

  • water balloon tossOutside: Baseball, capture the flag, water balloon toss
  • Toy Shop: Musical chairs, checkers tournament, summer bingo
  • STEAM Lab: Edible slime, rainbow paper, build an airplane
  • Gym: Steal the bacon, flag football, dodgeball
  • Art: Mask making, egg carton animals, marble painting
  • Library: Limbo, mad libs, find the brain
  • Construction: Build a bridge, Beyblade tournament
  • Theatre: Drama games, charades, scavenger hunt
  • Cafe: Fruit cupcakes, banana in a bag, ocean Jell-O

Camp Blue Ridge Summer Tuition

Camp Blue Ridge offers the flexibility for parents to choose which and how many weeks they would like their child to attend. We also offer the options for campers to attend on a full-time or part-time basis.

Our weekly tuition rates are as follows:

  • 5 days per week — $309/week
  • 4 days per week — $264/week
  • 3 days per week — $219/week

Parents with two or more children attending Camp Blue Ridge receive a 5% discount on their second child. Additionally, we offer a $150 discount to parents who enroll their children before May 3, 2019.

Sign Up for Summer Camp in Gainesville, VA, Today

Whether you need summer childcare or want your kids to have positive summer experiences that help them grow, Camp Blue Ridge is Gainesville’s favorite summer camp! With so many fantastic trips and activities to appeal to kids, our camp fills up fast. Contact us today to register your child!

June Calendar     July Calendar     August Calendar

Play-Based Preschool Curriculum

By | Preschool | No Comments

Finding the right learning environment for your children can be challenging. You want your kids to be happy and well-prepared for their next educational experiences and the world around them.

Often, the discussion over which experiences comprise the best types of preschool education comes down to a conversation about what values to prioritize, and there is no question about the importance of play for kids as an essential outlet for a child’s growth and development.

Educators have demonstrated that not only can play-based education compare with more traditional views in learning content, but that it can also have positive effects on motivation and creativity, as well as school-readiness skills.

What Is a Play-Based Curriculum?

At the heart of play-based learning is the concept that humans are naturally curious and want to interact with their environment. Through this process, learners — especially children — engage with ideas and challenges that are meaningful to them. Psychologists such as Lev Vygotsky influenced the development of play-based learning, which uses a child’s natural inclination to interact with and learn about the situations around them.

Though it may be difficult to work into a concise definition, play-based learning has several recognizable traits.

  • Interactive: Interactivity is the difference between playing in a baseball game and watching one. The activity must require input on the learner’s part, so the ability to affect the environment is a critical piece in children learning new information.
  • Exploratory: One of the principal tenets of a game is that there is no predetermined outcome. While particular rules might direct toward specific scenarios, the overall concept is that the developments and conclusions are unknown.
  • Involves risk: Because of those unknown developments, playing involves risk evaluation. Each decision carries inherent societal or game-related risks that help students understand the results of their actions. This risk helps create a sense of investment.
  • Enjoyable: Although it seems obvious, play is an enjoyable activity. That doesn’t mean there can’t be hardships or difficulties, but on the whole, the idea of playing itself should elicit a positive response.
  • Meaningful: Play allows students to act out their perceptions of the world around them. They can try new ways of interacting with society and peers, constructing meaning and understanding in the process.

Using these guiding principles, teachers and mentors can support children in finding worthwhile ways to interact with their environment. However, in guiding students, it’s essential that it remain the child’s play, not an adult’s scripted version of how the child should play. One of the common problems advocates face is seeing adult-centered activities disguised as “play-based learning.” In these scenarios, adults imply a situation will be student-led, exploratory play, but in reality, it is a contrived method for an adult to get a predetermined result.

How Should Students Play?

Another hurdle in describing play is that it can take on so many forms. Does it involve another child? Does someone have to be in charge? These questions can frustrate some educators in more traditional settings, as the open-ended nature of play can feel like a lack of control.

Here are a few ways children might choose to engage.

  • Social play: Social play is when students create scenarios or games with their peers. This type of play can encourage social connection and interaction.
  • Individual play: This type of play occurs with a child develops games or otherwise engages in personal creative endeavors, such as making up stories or drawing a picture.
  • Guided play: Guided play differs from free play in that an adult might set out a particular problem or situation that children then play through. Teachers can assist by asking questions or extending the game students are playing.

However, note that this can quickly become a direct lesson with a planned outcome. For instance, in guided play, an adult might present a restaurant scenario and then participate in the process as children fill the scene. Conversely, with direct lessons, an adult might tell the students to imagine the restaurant and then to count money to work with numbers.

What Are the Differences Between Play-Based Learning and Direct Instruction?

When comparing play-based learning and traditional direct instruction, examining aspects of interactivity and exploration can often be enough to tell the difference, but another defining trait marks an even more distinct division. In a direct-instruction model, the teacher is the focal point of the classroom. The teacher passes along all instruction — almost always to the group rather than to an individual student.

Another indicator of direct instruction is that someone plans the outcomes, even if they involve some aspects of interactivity or enjoyability. For example, a preschool teacher may set up several colors of paints to teach students about mixing primary colors. In a direct-instruction mode, the teacher will tell students which paints to mix and what colors they should expect. In a play-based classroom, students will have access to mix and experiment any way they want to find how the colors work together. Even though both lessons are interactive, only one is exploratory with unknown outcomes.

Play-Based Learning vs. Direct Instruction

Educators and theorists alike often view differing methods of education as opposing forces. Though not an explicit dichotomy — both direct lessons and play-based education can share these qualities — these learning styles clearly emphasize and develop particular traits based on their implementation and strengths. Because of these differences, there are some perceived pros and cons of play-based learning and direct instruction.

  • Depth vs. breadth: Direct instruction, especially in preschool and the early elementary years, can be an excellent way to provide information on a breadth of topics. Adults give children the information they need, then move on. In contrast, play-based learning may take more time to develop, but the understandings often make a profound impact because there is a meaningful connection. Moreover, as students explore, they find more information about topics of their interest, rather than moving on to another piece of information. Students naturally dive deeper into subjects.
  • Knowledge vs. skill emphasis: Play-based classrooms also emphasize different forms of knowledge. Direct instruction often focuses on obtaining a particular piece of information, and the connections to self and world are secondary to that. However, play emphasizes soft skills that have become integral in both early and secondary education. That isn’t to say play-based learning doesn’t address basic knowledge, nor that traditional learning does not integrate soft skills. But shifting the focus changes the emphasis of the lessons and traits students interact with, ultimately leading to different understandings of the world.
  • Self-discovery vs. authority-assigned meaning: Play-based education reflects more liberation-based education theories like those of Paulo Freire. Writing in the 1970s, Freire proposed that education is less about passing along facts and more about a sense of self-and-world discovery. Freire suggested traditional classrooms established teachers as “a banker,” whose success depends on successfully “depositing” facts into the students. Freire described this type of education as an act of aggression that inhibits students from fully realizing their potential, instead turning them into who the teacher demands. As in play-based learning, Freire advocated for a system in which students discover their views on the world through interactions with each other, rather than passively accepting the world around them.
  • Autonomy vs. hierarchy: Along with breaking the chain of teacher-implanted knowledge, play-based education also establishes a sense of learning autonomy. Meanwhile, traditional education focuses more on a chain of command in which learning happens because the adult says it should happen. While playing, students learn because they are curious and invested, but in adult-focused classrooms, students learn because the teacher tells them to.

What Are the Benefits of Play-Based Learning?

Play-based learning has many benefits for children. In addition to being fun and validating a child’s sense of importance and agency in the world, play-based education develops positive traits and may improve particular brain functions.

  • Comfort with the unstructured: Educators from a more traditional background sometimes condemn play-based or student-led education as messy or chaotic. Standardized education, in general, assumes conveying a set of central knowledge from point A to point B. It’s easy to see, then, how play-based learning can come across as chaotic and perhaps even unproductive through that lens. However, that mindset focuses on adult control of all situations. If the ultimate goal is every child sitting and listening to an adult, having more than a dozen different learning experiences happening simultaneously can seem like an impossible learning environment.
  • Love of learning: Because children’s curiosity is the root of play, play-based education reinforces the idea that accumulating knowledge is about asking questions about the world and then working to answer them. It provides a sense of meaningful accomplishment as kids engage with and overcome challenges, leading to a love of discoveries and conquering difficult tasks.
  • Reinstitutes play: Despite the known importance of play in preschool, current educational trends have pushed play further to the sidelines to present more standardized, traditional learning. As schools continue to require more from students at younger ages and preschools scramble to push preliminary skills to students, they are replacing free play time with direct instruction time. In fewer than two decades since the implementation of No Child Left Behind legislation, average elementary school recess time across the country has decreased by more than 10 minutes, now coming in at under half an hour. In response, some preschools have followed suit in the belief that it will prepare students for kindergarten. By instituting play-based education, schools can maintain academic expectation while reinstituting playtime for children.
  • Develops executive functioning skills: Play has been shown to help children develop executive functioning skills. These critical brain processes help students with organization, impulsivity and attention. Researchers found this is especially helpful in response to abuse or neglect.
  • Socialization factors: Another critical aspect of play-based education is that it allows for more direct interaction between students. In play-based educational systems, students who have different skills, abilities and backgrounds work together to form the world they are constructing. This system is in contrast to traditional direct instruction, in which the teacher organizes and directs much of the interaction.
  • Fostering autonomous learners: One of the best features of play-based learning programs is that they promote a natural sense of curiosity and exploration. Traditional education setups encourage students to follow the teacher’s instructions and learn the material because it will make instructors and parents happy. While forming strong relationships with adult role models is essential, it can cause students to see learning as an extrinsic goal meant to please people around them from an extremely early age. Conversely, play-based education at young ages encourages students to pursue their interests and engage in challenges they find meaningful. Rather than only participating in learning to please others, students develop a sense of intrinsic satisfaction from overcoming obstacles and learning about topics they have decided are important.

Is Play-Based Learning Best for Your Child?

Though play-based curricula may have many positives, there are still several components you might need to weigh before selecting to embrace a play-based learning environment for your child.

If you are unsure of this, consider the following factors.

  • Child’s personality: Though all students can benefit from a play-based curriculum, it’s essential to think about whether this teaching style will mesh with your child’s personality. Learning to face open-ended challenges is vital for all students, but a lack of focused orders can frustrate some children. It can be especially difficult for students who have already experienced more traditional school settings that define learning as something a student receives, rather than something they fully engage in.
  • Parenting philosophy: All parents weigh values differently. For example, while most parents would agree they value both student autonomy and listening to authority figures, they could disagree about what to prioritize more. Like any other curriculum, play-based learning implicitly ascribes importance to particular aspects, and it’s important to consider whether these values align with your parental beliefs.
  • Access and quality of play: While allowing students to have autonomy in choosing their style of play, several factors can help determine how educational the experience will be. After all, not all play is equal. Moreover, trained adults or staff can help children reflect on their learning and skills, which is critical to students getting the most out of their play. Because of this, it’s essential to consider whether your child has not only the freedom to play, but access to experiences that will lead to meaningful interactions, as well as trained mentors who can develop reflective skills that stay with children from early elementary through their adult lives.

How Can You Find a Play-Based Child Education Program?

Ultimately, finding the best preschool for your child comes down to your parenting philosophy. In addition to looking for a place where your child can be safe and happy, you want to find an environment that will help them take advantage of their natural curiosity and grow, and deciding between different curriculum models for early childhood education can be difficult.

Haymarket Children’s Academy specializes in providing a play-based preschool curriculum in Gainesville, VA. If you live in this area and are interested in learning more about play-based preschools near you, please contact us for information.

What You Should Consider When Choosing a Preschool

By | Preschool | No Comments

In 2013, President Barack Obama highlighted the need for America’s preschool-aged children to have access to high-quality early education. His administration’s goal was to see six million children enrolled in preschool by the year 2020.

The president’s initiative shed light on something educators have known for years: Early access to education is a vital part of a child’s development. The best way to prepare your child for their years in school is by choosing a preschool that will provide a solid educational and social foundation for your child.

What to Look for in a Preschool

Choosing a preschool that will be a good fit for your child, can be overwhelming, especially if this is your first time. A lot of people incorrectly believe that a preschool is just a place for kids to play and eat snacks the year before they go to “real school.” However, choosing the right preschool can lay a foundation for your child for years to come.

Some basic signs of a good preschool include an established curriculum, qualified staff and a clean facility, but there’s more to it than that. Your final decision on where to send your child to school may ultimately be somewhat subjective. After all, your child has needs that are unique to them, and those needs may not be able to be addressed at just any preschool — and that’s okay.

To choose a preschool, you’ll want to schedule a visit, tour the facility and sit down with the director if you can. You’ll also want to go in with a list of questions to ask preschools about their facilities, their staff and their educational philosophy.

Keep reading for our list of tips and questions to ask when you’re looking to pick the best preschool.

Is My Child Ready?

The first step in knowing what to consider when choosing a preschool is to determine if your child is ready. Many preschool programs are geared toward three and four-year-olds, but some do offer programs as early as age two and a half. Age shouldn’t be the only consideration, though. A child’s readiness for preschool depends more on their personality and development than their physical age.

In addition to age requirements, you’ll also want to ask the following questions when you’re choosing a preschool:

1. Does my child need to be potty trained?

The answer to this question will vary, even among the best preschools, so it’s important to find out, especially if your child isn’t yet toilet trained. Some schools will welcome children who are still wearing diapers or Pull-Ups. Others require students to be trained before they begin.

2. Will my child be able to nap?

Preschool-aged kids can vary in their need for mid-day rest. Regardless of your child’s personal needs, it’s important to know exactly how the school incorporates rest into their daily schedule. A full-day preschool should incorporate a naptime into your child’s daily routine at the same time every day, and it’s best if they get one or two hours during the day to ensure naptime at school won’t interfere with their bedtime at home. Naptime, in addition to offering your child a chance to take a break during the day, can increase retention of what they learn.

3. Is my child’s behavior appropriate?

If your child interacts well with other children and generally does not mind being separated from their parents, then they will most likely thrive in a quality preschool environment. If your child struggles with separation anxiety when you leave them somewhere or they are easily overwhelmed, then the transition to preschool may be very stressful for them. This doesn’t mean they won’t be able to handle preschool, but you’ll need to address this ahead of time and anticipate some challenges during the transition.

4. How are kids disciplined/guided if needed?

Discipline in preschool should look more like guidance than punishment. A preschool teacher’s job is to redirect poor behavior and guide their students to an understanding of acceptable behavior. This will be reflected in the school and classroom rules, as well as the ways the teacher rewards or recognizes good behavior.

What Supplies Are Needed?

Knowing what school supplies are needed is important as you budget for your child’s tuition and additional school expenses. Program requirements will vary between schools, so it’s always important to ask up front. You’ll also need to know the answers to these questions:

1. Do we need to pack lunch, or will lunch be provided?

The answer to this question will vary from school to school. If the school does provide meals, ask about where the food is prepared, who prepares it and how the meal is served. If students are required to bring their lunches from home, make sure you know whether your child’s classroom is Nut-Free or otherwise restricts certain foods to address student allergies.

2. Does my child need a blanket and pillow for nap time?

Some schools provide mats for naptime, and others require students to bring in all of their napping supplies. You’ll want to find out what each school’s particular policy is, as well as whether they will take care of weekly washing of any pillows and blankets.

What Food Is Provided by the School?

Mealtime is always a big question when it comes to your child and preschool. If you are looking at a preschool that serves meals to its students each day, there are several things you’ll want to know about their menu:

1. Is it healthy and balanced?

Does the school provide a variety of healthy and age-appropriate foods for the children? Asking to see a menu is always a great way to have this question answered.

2. Do parents have a say in their child’s meals?

In other words, will the school address cultural preferences and restrictions? Do parents have a say in what menu items their child is served from day-to-day?

3. What is the school’s policy for handling food allergies?

Some preschools ban certain high-risk foods, such as peanuts, from the entire building to erase the need to monitor allergens and students. Other schools will limit these products by classroom, restricting them only when a child in the classroom has an allergy. Make sure you ask what the school’s policy is regarding food allergies and sensitivities, both for serving and preparing the food.

How Are Child-Specific Concerns Addressed?

Another way to spot a quality preschool is in the way they address child-specific concerns. What do we mean by that? Well, child-specific concerns address any health issues or issues — both mental and physical — that your child might have or develop while in their care. This is one place where the subjective nature of your decision may come into play and can play a significant role in directing how to choose the best preschool for your child:

1. Can the school handle my child’s needs?

As much as you feel comfortable sharing, outline your child’s needs and ask the director how they are equipped to handle them. For example, if your child has an allergy and has to keep an EpiPen nearby, ask where it can be kept and if the staff is trained in how to use it in an emergency. Don’t be afraid to ask what plans and procedures the school has in place to address emergency situations.

2. Does the school have a nurse?

Having someone at the school who can address acute illnesses and injuries is a huge bonus and can provide great peace of mind to parents. If a preschool doesn’t have a designated nurse on staff, find out how they handle children who become sick or hurt themselves during the school day.

What Curriculum Is in Use?

Early childhood education curriculum varies between different preschools, but a quality preschool will follow an established curriculum based on the Essential Domains of School Readiness. These include motor development and physical well-being, language and literacy development, emotional and social development, and cognition and general knowledge (basic science and math concepts).

Some schools may follow a formal curriculum, such as a Montessori program or the award-winning Frog Street Curriculum. Others may have developed their own “in-house” curriculum. Whatever the case, they should be able to articulate the basics of their curriculum and provide examples of how it meets the five domains listed above. You’ll also want to know:

1. Is it accredited?

Ask about the curriculum’s accreditations and what they mean for the school and your child.

2. What kinds of activities are involved?

A school can say they have a curriculum, but what does it involve? Make sure to ask for details about what kinds of instruction and activities your child will be involved in on a daily basis. Also, ask how the school balances their curriculum to incorporate all five of the domains of school readiness. If a school tends to emphasize one over the others, your child could miss out on some valuable experiences.

What Is the Staff’s Experience?

While degrees and certifications can vary, a good preschool teacher will have extensive knowledge about early childhood education, especially related to how children develop and grow. At the very least, they should hold a Child Development Associate (CDA) credential, but many schools look for teachers with additional degrees and experience. Other questions to ask in this category when choosing the right preschool include:

1. Do the teachers have clear background checks?

Find out what screening process these teachers went through to be hired.

2. What experience do the school’s staff members have?

Are they experienced in early childhood development and education? Are they receiving ongoing training to keep their certifications and knowledge base current? Don’t be afraid to ask about their educational background, as well as their current pursuits. Trust us — a school with good teachers isn’t afraid to brag about them!

3. Do they have first aid training?

Classroom teachers should be trained and hold up-to-date certifications in first aid and CPR.

4. Are they kind?

Kindness and compassion can’t be taught, but they’re so important. All the degrees in the world can’t replace a teacher who is going to treat their students well. Take time to notice how the teachers treat you, their students and each other. You can also ask for parent references. Calling a current parent for information isn’t gossip — parent-to-parent conversations are the best way to find out what the staff is really like.

What Is the Facility Like?

The way a preschool staff cares for their facility speaks volumes about how they will care for your child:

1. Is the facility clean?

It should be clear that the preschool regularly cleans its facility, keeps itself organized and provides a visually appealing place for children to play and learn.

2. How does the school keep children safe?

A quality preschool will have security measures in place to protect their students. Make sure you ask about their security guidelines, including parental access to the building and how they screen visitors.

3. Does the facility have plenty of fun things for kids to do?

When you visit a potential preschool, look inside and outside. Do they offer a safe and fun outdoor playground? Are there lots of age-appropriate toys and books indoors? Do they hang student artwork at eye level for the students to see and explore?

What Kind of Environment Is It?

Each preschool will have a slightly different environment. As a parent, it’s your job to determine which will allow your child to thrive while they are a student there. Find out the answers to the following:

1. Are the class sizes small?

Always ask what the student-teacher ratio is at the preschool you’re visiting. Regulations vary between states — and depend on the age of the children in question — so you’ll want to make sure you know what’s legal in your state. Also, remember that the legal requirements are just a baseline for preschools to abide by. As a parent, you need to be comfortable with the ratio of students per adult in the classroom. Classes with a smaller student-teacher ratio — 1:3 or 1:4 — will provide more one-on-one guidance and instruction for each of the students enrolled.

2. Is it loud?

Yes, kids can be loud at times, and some days are better than others, but the overall volume of a school can tell you a lot about the kind of control teachers have — or don’t have — in the classroom.

What Are the Red Flags You Should Avoid?

Finding an environment where your child will thrive can depend on your child’s personality and age, as well as certain development factors. However, there are some signs of a bad preschool that shouldn’t be ignored.

1. Bad reviews

One bad review doesn’t mean a place is terrible, but it should drive you to dig deeper. As you read reviews, look at the overall trend. Are the majority of them positive? What are the complaints being discussed in the negative reviews? Also, consider the age of a review — if it was written several years ago, it’s appropriate to inquire about a change in school leadership and whether or not that has addressed the concerns you read about.

2. Dirty facilities and unsafe hazards

Beware of a facility that is visibly dirty or unsafe in any way. Don’t write off unsanitary conditions or a dangerous playspace as “no big deal.” If you wouldn’t allow those conditions in your home, never tolerate them in a school.

3. Expired license

Licensure indicates whether a preschool program is following government standards for cleanliness, safety and teacher qualifications. In the state of Virginia, licensed preschool programs are regulated under several different categories, including licensed, unlicensed but regulated, approved and unlicensed. Which category they fall under depends on who is running the program, but full-day preschool programs are typically considered “daycare programs” for licensing purposes.

In the state of Virginia, licensed preschools are required to be inspected twice a year to maintain their licensure. If a school does not hold a current state license, this may be a red flag that says something isn’t right. Besides talking with the school about its license, you can search the Virginia Department of Social Services database or call to inquire about a particular preschool’s credentials.

4. No security measures in place

A quality preschool should have a strict safety plan in place for the well-being of its students and their families. Stay away from a school that doesn’t keep exterior doors locked or doesn’t employ strict procedures for visitors and adults picking up students at any time of day.

5. Lack of official curriculum

Whether a school uses an off-the-shelf curriculum, such as Frog Street, or they have developed one in-house, it should be rooted in evidence-based practices and age-appropriate educational research. If a school cannot articulate their educational philosophy and the elements of their curriculum — or if they don’t have a formal curriculum — this may be a sign that they are not going to provide the quality preschool education you’re looking for.

Quick Checklist of Questions to Ask Preschools

In general, to inform your conversations and inspire your search for a quality preschool for your child, always remember to ask:

1. Is my child ready?

2. What supplies will my child need?

3. What will mealtime and naptime look like?

4. Is the school equipped to handle my child’s specific needs?

5. What curriculum is being used?

6. What are the qualifications of the staff?

7. What vibe do I get from the facility and the overall environment of this preschool?

Consider Haymarket Children’s Academy

Located in Gainesville, VA, Haymarket Children’s Academy is committed to providing personalized and purposeful instruction for three and four-year-olds. Our award-winning curriculum is designed to prepare your child for a lifetime of discovery and learning, in the classroom setting and beyond. Going above and beyond traditional expectations, we offer our students and their families a safe, nurturing environment, as well as meals prepared by an in-house chef, an extensive outdoor play area and access to an on-site nurse.

Contact us today to schedule a tour of HCA.

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