Curiosity is an essential trait for learners and students of all ages. Children are naturally curious and love to learn about the world around them. Giving them more opportunities to explore by nurturing their curiosity helps them develop skills of perception, compassion and creativity.
Many parents want to learn how to develop curiosity in students or preschool-aged children so they can boost their child’s curiosity. This guide offers several suggestions for fostering curiosity in children and explains the importance and benefits of helping your child’s curious mind flourish.
WHY IT’S IMPORTANT TO NURTURE YOUR CHILD’S CURIOSITY
Curiosity drives us to explore, try new things, and discover answers to our questions. Children’s questions are important — kids are building their knowledge of the world, and there is a lot for them to discover. At what stage is a child most curious? Even infants are inquisitive, and the trait follows them into toddlerhood. However, curiosity can last for a lifetime.
Curious children seek answers, and as a consequence, they’re more likely to stay engaged during new experiences and in the classroom. Curiosity changes the brain, enhancing the sections that control memory to help the child remember information. This power makes curiosity a powerful learning tool.
We don’t have to teach our children how to be curious, but encouraging curious children while they’re young can have a lasting impact. Nurturing curiosity in a child:
- Helps them develop a curious thinking pattern all the time.
- Shows them that seeking answers through questioning and exploring is good.
- Encourages them to practice their powers of wonder and observation.
- Steers them toward a lifelong interest in figuring things out.
When parents, caregivers and teachers promote children’s natural curiosity, they support their development in all sorts of ways. Nurturing curiosity helps children expand their minds, experiences and vocabulary as they grow and encourages them to try new things their entire life.
BENEFITS OF FOSTERING YOUR CHILD’S CURIOSITY
Nurturing curiosity in young children leads to several long- and short-term benefits that can aid them as they navigate friendships, school and future jobs and relationships. Here are a few of the main benefits researchers have found come from fostering a child’s curiosity:
1. CURIOUS CHILDREN ARE KIND AND EMPATHETIC
Curiosity leads us to question worldviews, lives and experiences different from ours. A curious child is likely to question another person’s viewpoint and wonder about how they experience the world. Others’ words and actions become an exercise in understanding rather than judgment. Understanding someone else’s motivations makes a child more empathetic and accepting.
Curiosity also makes children kinder toward themselves and others. A child’s curiosity might reveal similarities between themselves and others, helping them access a place of compassion. When a child taps into their curiosity, they become more empathetic and understanding.
2. CURIOUS CHILDREN ARE OPEN-MINDED
Exploring unfamiliar areas opens up a lot of uncertainty. Yet engaging these unknown spaces is necessary for learning. Discoveries, whether about ourselves or the world, are always made outside of our comfort zone.
To understand how curiosity leads to learning, researchers studied how the brain triggers curiosity and found that children seek explanations based on certain cues from their experiences or interactions. Curiosity also pushes children into scientific inquiry, where kids test theories, recognize patterns and make observations to close their knowledge gaps.
Because a child lacks experience honing their attention and blocking out distractions, they often engage in more open-ended exploration. An open mind asks endless questions and seeks answers, supporting deeper learning in the process.
3. CURIOUS CHILDREN DEVELOP A LIFELONG LOVE OF LEARNING
Curious children seek to bridge the gaps in their understanding of how the world works. As a result, many curious children love to read or experience new activities to acquire knowledge. Curiosity translates to a love of learning in many forms.
This drive to understand often helps curious kids achieve higher academic performance. A recent study from the University of Michigan showed that more curious children performed better on reading and math assessments than their less curious peers. Curious children tend to excel in school, regardless of socioeconomic status, simply because they love to learn. This love of learning can stay with a child their entire life.
TIPS FOR ENCOURAGING CURIOSITY
You can nurture your child’s natural curiosity by giving them opportunities to explore, wonder and question. When parents and caregivers make themselves aware of curious moments, they can purposefully support and reinforce a child’s curiosity. Here are a few ways to encourage your child to be curious:
1. NOTICE WONDER AND PRACTICE THE 5 W’S
Wonder is an excellent catalyst for curiosity. For example, a child who notices a butterfly sunning itself on a flower might wonder at the insect’s beauty and ask themselves how the butterfly came to have such beautiful colors. Encouraging a practice of wonder and modeling curiosity yourself can stimulate new questions and interests for young children.
While often our environment can seem mundane, everything is new to a child. Thousands of tiny details spark curiosity every day, from the inner workings of a dump truck to the birds flying outside. Open your eyes to moments of wonder and identify them to your child so they can marvel with you.
Older children benefit from wonder differently than younger ones. For instance, exposing babies to unfamiliar experiences, like a picnic in the park or an afternoon at the beach, can introduce their young minds to curious stimuli. Toddlers and older children can experience wonder on a deeper level. Wonder aloud and ask them the who, what, where, when and why questions. Ask them about what they see and indulge in your own wonder aloud through questions like, “I wonder why the grass is green?” Then search for answers together.
2. ALLOW TRIAL AND ERROR
Curiosity leads your child to new activities, which they won’t always be good at right away. Curiosity relies heavily on experimentation and questioning, and kids won’t always get things right or have all the answers. Expecting perfectionism can hinder a curious mind and make kids less willing to try new things in the future.
Allow toddlers and older children to try new things and fail at them. Failure helps children learn about how things work as much as success does. For instance, if your child wants to build wings out of a paper kite, they may not be able to fly — but they can learn about gravity and aerodynamics. Use the opportunity to ask them why they get a particular result from an action. Doing so helps them think through potential consequences and develop better problem-solving skills.
The benefits of trial and error extend to questions as well as actions. Rather than stepping in with the answer, allow your child to think through a question first. When a child tests ideas, they boost their observation skills and learn to think independently.
3. PAY ATTENTION TO YOUR CHILD’S INTERESTS
As they grow, your child will naturally develop interests and passions. They could become enchanted with the way plants grow or fixated on watching the garbage truck come every week. Every child is unique, and curiosity about one topic may be stronger for one kid than another.
Leaning into your child’s interests is a great way to stoke their natural curiosity about a subject they find fascinating. Actively encourage your child to pursue their interests and hobbies. Spend time learning about their interests with them, and suggest new opportunities for exploring. If your child loves dinosaurs, take them to a museum to see dinosaur bones. If they tend to draw on the walls, get them a set of paints and a designated art space.
Find new ways to encourage their excitement about what they love and join them in their interests. Read books about their favorite animal, plant flowers in a garden to learn how things grow or cook their favorite meal together, asking them to describe what they think will happen. Centering activities like these around your child’s interests gives them the freedom to pursue what they enjoy.
4. ASK OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS
A vital component of a child’s curiosity is noticing changes in their surroundings. Parents and teachers can encourage curiosity by pointing out changes and asking questions to engage a child’s reasoning. After you watch a bird hop by your park bench at the park, ask your child, “where do you think the bird is going?” or “why do you think the bird isn’t flying?” These questions stimulate thinking and generate creative responses.
How a parent or teacher words a question significantly impacts how a child responds. Open-ended questions request elaboration and engage children’s creativity. According to a recent study, asking open-ended questions encouraged more complete and accurate answers. Instead of always asking your child yes or no questions, involve your child’s problem-solving skills with open-ended questions.
Shifting to open-ended questions can be as simple as adding who, what, when, where or why. Ask, “what did you do at grandma’s house today?” instead of “did you have fun at grandma’s house today?” If your child made cookies with grandma, ask how they made them. Getting your child to describe the steps in a process helps them think critically.
5. EXPLORE NEW PLACES
Encouraging curiosity in preschoolers and even older children is sometimes as simple as going out of the ordinary. Exploring new places opens your child’s world and cultivates curiosity in a unique way. Your child might be captivated by the new places, people and things you see and inspired to learn more.
Take your child to visit places they’ve never been and see things they’ve never seen. Through exploring your town’s farmer’s market, a holiday parade or local children’s events, you introduce your child to unfamiliar people and places that can heighten their curiosity about the world. You can also enjoy local activities like going to the movies, watching a live concert or visiting a local children’s museum. These events are exciting in themselves, and can spark a lot of questions from a curious mind.
Participate in activities your child is interested in and allow them time for unstructured play. This kind of free play allows kids to make up stories and games, engaging freely with each other and the world. Take opportunities to go outside of your typical area by taking a camping trip or even visiting another culture with your child, if you’re able. These experiences open a child’s imagination and help them discover new ideas.
6. SEEK — AND GIVE — THOUGHTFUL ANSWERS
Thoughtful questions deserve thoughtful answers. Kids gain a lot by thinking through questions and working a bit to find the solution to problems. When your kids have questions, ask their thoughts first to encourage critical thinking and understand their perspective. Asking their thoughts on why toast looks different than a regular piece of bread shows you into their process for obtaining answers and can help you formulate a response.
Kids often ask questions rapid-fire, and for a parent who listens to them all day long, they could become overwhelming. You might slip into giving repetitive answers or shutting the questions down if you don’t know the answer. Yet it’s beneficial to pay attention to your child’s questions and answer them thoughtfully rather than carelessly.
If you want your child to ask thoughtful questions, it’s also helpful to give thoughtful answers. This is where modeling curiosity for kids goes a long way. A child whose curious questions get them nothing but unsatisfying answers might begin to stop asking questions at all. Instead, think carefully about each question and respond deliberately. This kind of response prompts even more thinking from your child and encourages them to keep pursuing answers.
7. INSPIRE A LOVE OF READING
When thinking about how to develop curiosity in a child, reading is one of the best answers. Reading books introduces kids to realities outside of their own and helps them imagine new ones. Take your child to the local library to help them pick out books about their interests, while also introducing them to new topics. One study also suggests that kids prefer books with more causal information, so look for a story that explains the origin and “why” of things.
When you’re reading, find ways to stretch the conversation beyond the book and into your child’s life. You can get a peek into your child’s mind by asking them questions about the story. Ask, “why did that character do that?” or “how do you think he feels?” These questions help kids develop empathy with fictional characters, which they can later apply to people in their life.
A love of reading can last a lifetime and motivate your child to connect with others. Through reading, you can help your child connect to the real world and their family history. Pick books about time periods your child’s relatives lived through, then encourage your child to engage with what they read by learning more from their family. This activity is a great way to foster family connections and curiosity about history.
CONTACT HAYMARKET CHILDREN’S ACADEMY
Fostering curiosity in your child can provide them with a host of lifelong benefits that impact their relationships, academic performance and other pursuits in life. Engaging with curiosity helps children improve their critical thinking, problem-solving and empathy skills. Curiosity also inspires kids to learn, read, experiment and explore throughout their lives.
Early childhood education lays an essential foundation for the rest of a child’s life. Developing curiosity at a young age can significantly impact your child’s love of learning and interest in the world around them. When kids are encouraged to explore their interests, take risks and see the world in new ways, they can develop into adults who think critically and develop creative solutions.
At Haymarket Children’s Academy, we specialize in providing a play-based preschool curriculum designed to foster a love of learning in curious young minds. HCA encourages children to learn through experience. Our accredited curriculum, dedicated curriculum specialist and caring teachers ensure our students receive high-quality instruction through play-based learning and introduction to science, technology, engineering, art and math (STEAM) principles in small class settings.
We believe all of these characteristics and more have made us Gainesville, VA’s premier choice for early childhood education. Contact Haymarket Children’s Academy today to learn more about our program and schedule a tour of our Gainseville, VA campus.